Konrad Czapiewski died on August 25, 2022

Konrad Czapiewski died on August 25, 2022, during his trip to Mexico. This is shocking and devastating news for the whole community of the SPOT project. We send our deepest condolences to the family and friends for your loss.

Konrad Czapiewski led the SPOT project’s team of the Institute of Geography and Spatial Organisation Polish Academy of Sciences. He was a human geographer, an associate professor at the Department of Rural Geography and Local Development. Konrad was one of the most active members of the Polish Geographical Society, national representative of the Association of Geographical Societies in Europe EUGEO, known and extremely liked in the international geographic community. His interests focused on the subject of rural development.

Konrad was a very-best friend for many of us. He was always cheerful and optimistic about life. He talked a lot and beautifully about travelling, which was his greatest passion. Nothing was impossible for him, so he willingly offered advice on many spheres of everyday life and work. We will all remember his brilliant comments in ongoing scientific discussions during our meetings. Konrad was a person with an extraordinary geographical sensitivity to the surrounding world, which he was able to observe closely.

There are common dreams, ideas, already started publications, projects and initiatives that we will have to implement and develop, unfortunately, without his participation.

Rest in peace our dearest Friend!

SPOT project contributes to the Annual AESOP Congress 2022

Project SPOT actively contributes to the Annual AESOP Congress 2022 ‘Space for Species: Redefining Spatial Justice’ in Tartu (Estonia), July 25-29, 2022.

Just green transition – Polish case study of co-evolution of tourism and heavy industries

The SPOT project team had the opportunity to present one of our case studies during the Annual AESOP Congress 2022 in Tartu. The session chaired by Katarzyna Leśniewska-Napierała (University of Lodz, SPOT) was about culture and tourism. During the session, the SPOT project’s researchers from the University of Lodz (Katarzyna Leśniewska-Napierała, Marta Nalej, Tomasz Napierała, and Iwona Pielesiak) delivered the presentation entitled ‘Lignite mining and energy production in Bełchatów industrial region: a threat or opportunity for tourism development?’.

In Bełchatów industrial region, all tourism changes have been and will be related to transformative moments such as the development and then the extinction of the core developmental functions in the region: lignite mining and energy production. Exploration of co-evolution of tourism and both of industrial sectors is the focus of a case study conducted by SPOT project’s researchers from the University of Lodz. Recently, the decision on liquidation of the lignite mine and power plant is a consequence of the EU policy related to reducing the use of coal in the energy sector and switching to renewable energy. The Bełchatów Power Plant is responsible for the largest emissions of carbon dioxide in the entire EU.

The announcement of the closure plan of the power plant and the lignite mine was a necessary step in obtaining funds from the Just Transition Fund. It forced both the regional authorities and the state company that owns the complex to set a schedule to shut down the lignite mine (until 2038) and the power plant (2030-2036). This will result in workplaces losses as the employment in the energy complex in Bełchatów is more than 14,500 people. About 4,500 people work in the mine and about 3,000 in the power plant. Another almost 7,000 people are employed in subsidiaries. These numbers should be confronted with the fact that the case study area is populated by more than 130 thousands of inhabitants for now. Just green transition of the Bełchatów industrial region results in substantial economic, social, and demographic consequences.

The fundamental goal of the transformation should be, on the one hand, to convert the economy to modern and green technologies, especially in the area of energy. As the energy infrastructure is an unquestionably strong side of the Bełchatów region. The economic diversification of the region should also be one of the transformation priorities, but it is necessary to focus on the use of existing potentials. The transformation of the Bełchatów industrial district also requires the recultivation and revitalization of areas degraded by open-cast lignite mining. It is expected that tourism, in particular leisure tourism, might become one of the core functions of the Bełchatów industrial region, and a chance for the regional economy to be impacted by the loss of a significant number of workplaces. The recultivation plan is already partially implemented. The Kamieńska mountain was formed at the external dump of the Bełchatów field. Using that, a 760-metre long ski route was created. In the summer, Kamieńska mountain is available for cyclists and off-road vehicles. In total, the area of 7,886 ha will be recultivated. The main focus of the recultivation will be afforestation. It is also planned to create a water reservoir in part of the present Bełchatów field. The process is expected to last until 2070.

Some inconsistencies of the recultivation plan should be indicated. Neighbouring areas of the Bełchatów excavation field are planned to be used as a municipal waste dump, water reservoir, and recreational centre at the same time. There is also a huge time gap between the moment when the lignite mine and the power plant will be shut down (2030-2038), and the moment when the water reservoir will be created and the area will be ready to launch the recreational centre (2070). Moreover, in the strategy for just green transition of Bełchatów industrial district it is estimated that mass leisure tourism development based on a recreational centre will allow to create 50 new workplaces only. Last but not least, the exclusion of local communities from strategic and spatial planning should be mentioned as well. It resulted in significant inconsistencies between the territorial just transition plan for Bełchatów industrial district on the one hand, and local strategies and master plans on the other. While the supralocal document is focused on the development of mass leisure tourism, local strategies and plans mainly consider the development of second homes. All of this brings us to the most fundamental question of planning reminded by Maroš Finka (Slovak University of Technology, President of AESOP) during the opening ceremony of Annual AESOP Congress 2022: Should we plan for people or with people?

Social and territorial impact of just green transition

The SPOT project team joined the round table of Annual AESOP Congress 2022 led by Kejt Dhrami (Polis University, Co-PLAN Institute for Habitat Development) entitled ‘Fit For Green: Social and Territorial Impact of Just Green Transition’. Giancarlo Cotella (Politecnico di Torino, SPOT) was one of the contributors.

The discussion started with regional similarities and specificities of just green transition. Maroš Finka (Slovak University of Technology, President of AESOP) emphasised that diversity is the main common feature of regions significant from the perspective of green transition. Diversity should be discussed in the context of geographical proximities and dependencies. He noticed that Russian aggression over Ukraine moves Europe ahead, which also refers to the problem of just a green transition. However, any action cannot be successful without the focus on: integration (interdependencies between actions and territories of their implementation), synergies (between all single actions undertaken), and efficiency (as we have limited resources to undertake actions).

Giancarlo Cotella noticed that it is difficult to identify regional specificities of just green transition across Europe. ‘Low-carbon’, ‘post-carbon’ or ‘zero-carbon’? – it is very challenging to discuss EU policies when the goals of those policies are changing so fast. On the other hand, green Europe and just Europe are seen for now as the two main long-term goals of the future Europe. ‘No one left behind…’ is the main construct of social justice – Carlos Tapia (Nordregio) mentioned. Transitions affecting both nature and societies (including their economies) are difficult to engineer, and their outcomes are hard to predict. Giancarlo Cotella emphasised that it is a great progress that the EU does not sweep under the carpet the negative social and economic effects of a green transition.

Thanks to Maroš Finka and Bianca Mitrica (Institute of Geography, Romanian Academy) we had an opportunity to address the issues from the national perspectives of Slovakia and Romania respectively.

Maroš Finka concluded that the EU is at the end of the process of transfers addressing solidarity. Now, we are shifting to the EU focused on transfers addressing local services. We understand that not every region or locality has to be industrial, but every area can contribute in some way to the development of the EU. Rodon Miraj (Open Regional Fund for South East Europe) noticed that in a discourse on just green transition, gender issues are missing, especially that it is well evidenced that women are mostly affected by negative effects of economic transitions. Ledio Allkja (Co-PLAN) concluded that the biggest question is how we can go from the neoliberal economic-centric approach to more just and green. There is also a big question about the winners and losers of just green transition.

Giancarlo Cotella chosen as the new Secretary General of AESOP

Last but not least, we are pleased to inform you that Giancarlo Cotella (leader of the Politecnico di Torino team in a project SPOT) has been chosen as the Secretary General of AESOP. Giancarlo Cotella has over 15 years of international research experience on the comparative analysis of territorial governance and spatial planning systems in Europe and beyond with particular reference to the impact of EU policies on domestic contexts. His work focused extensively on the potentials for transferability of good practices and policy recommendations within the European space. Congratulations!

BUP PhD workshop “Societies, Cultures, Critical Theories”

PhD workshop “Societies, Cultures, Critical Theories” will take place on 6-7 October 2022 at Södertörn University.

Deadline for applications is 22 August 2022.

Read more about the workshop and how to apply on the Södertörn University website.

The upcoming PhD workshop “Societies, Cultures, Critical Theories” aims at strengthening collaboration and find novel ways of interaction between PhD students from participating universities of The Baltic University Programme (BUP), in the name of supporting the key role that universities play in a democratic, peaceful and sustainable development. Drawing on peer-to-peer learning, the workshop offers the possibility for doctoral students to present and receive feedback on their own research, as well as to comment on research by fellow PhD students. In addition, it constitutes a platform for initiating possible collaborations, networks and joint publications. The workshop will take place on 6-7 October 2022.

The workshop focuses in particular on PhD level research in the humanities, arts, and social studies. We especially encourage participation in this workshop for PhD students from the following subjects: aesthetics, anthropology, archaeology, arts, cultural studies, ethnology, history, history of ideas, languages, literature, philosophy, political science, psychology, religion, and sociology, but PhD students from all disciplines are welcome!

Participants that take part during the whole workshop will receive a Certificate of Attendance, issued by the BUP Coordinating Secretariat.

There is no participation fee and accommodation as well as lunches will be provided by BUP (Södertörn University). Participants are expected to cover the travel costs to and from Södertörn University themselves. We are aiming for an in-person event, however, the alternative of a hybrid format remains open.

The SPOT project at the IGU Congress in Paris

The team of Erasmus+ SPOT participated in the congress of the International Geographical Union “Time for geographers”, which took place in Paris, University of Sorbonne, between July 18th and 22nd, 2022.

After a few IGU conferences held online in 2020 and 2021, almost 2,200 geographers from 92 countries all around the world finally gathered “face to face” at this prestigious event. Also, an additional 300 scholars were present online. This IGU Congress was the Centennial Congress of the International Geographical Union, which celebrated 100 years of regular meetings. The host and main organiser of this extraordinary event was the French Committee of Geography (CNFG).

After opening the IGU Congress and addressing the contemporary challenges of geography and geographers by keynote speakers, the congress consisted of numerous round tables, almost a hundred scientific sessions, exhibitions and various social events.

Some outputs of the SPOT project have been presented during the scientific session entitled “Tourism governance in the Anthropocene: enhancing landscape, local knowledge and pro-environmental behaviour for facing environmental crisis” organised by the IGU Commission Geography of Governance. Presentation entitled “Diverse challenges of tourism spatial planning: evidence from Italy, Norway, Poland, Portugal and Turkey” was presented by Denis Cerić and Konrad Czapiewski from the Institute of Geography and Spatial Planning – Polish Academy of Sciences.

Denis Cerić and Konrad Czapiewski presented the outcome of the SPOT project regarding tourism governance development in five different countries. Answers on two research questions have been elaborated: 1) How the challenges of spatial planning in tourism destinations are addressed in the strategic documents of five selected European countries – Italy, Norway, Poland, Portugal and Turkey?, and 2) Which changes in spatial planning of tourism could be observed regarding the COVID-19 pandemic?

Italy, Norway, Poland, Portugal and Turkey are countries characterised by substantially different locations within the continent, different importance of tourism in creating national income, different nature of tourism, and different ways in which tourism is managed and planned. Authors argued that the comparison of such different countries can make an important contribution to discussions on addressing tourism spatial planning challenges in strategic documents prepared by central and sub-central governments. The research’s empirical layer was based on peer-reviewed theoretical and case study reports on spatial planning systems, concepts and tourism developments in mentioned five countries developed by SPOT project beneficiaries.

Content analysis has been employed to identify the challenges for spatial planning in observed countries and the output summarises and underlines the common challenges and those specific to a particular area. Common elements of tourism spatial planning could be found in planning tradition, regulatory layer, the desire for a fast response to the challenges of socio-economic development processes and challenges related to the social dimension, and other various common challenges of spatial planning of tourism destinations.

The chosen topic fit well inside this session of IGU Congress: a couple of questions being asked after the presentation, a few comments and interest in the SPOT project itself, and the appreciation from the sessions’ chair Federica Burini (University of Bergamo). The topic will be published as a chapter in a SPOT project’s book entitled “Contemporary challenges of spatial planning in tourism destinations” edited by Tomasz Napierała, Katarzyna Leśniewska-Napierała (University of Lodz) and Giancarlo Cotella (Politecnico di Torino). Follow our project for detailed results and conclusions – the publication is in preparation.

International Tourism Congress ITC2022: Registration

Registration to International Tourism Congress ITC2022 is open:

  • till November 13, 2022 – registration to special session of SPOT project only
  • till October 15, 2022,
  • early bird – September 15 25, 2022.

We welcome all researchers, PhD candidates and students interested in geographical, social, environmental, economic, political, and managerial contexts of sustainable tourism. Join our discussion! Join the International Tourism Congress ITC2022! The main theme of ITC2022 is: “Tourism – Going Back/Forward to Sustainability”.

Mind that during ITC2022 you can present results of your recent studies on various issues and problems of tourism. When registering to the ITC2022, please consider submitting an abstract of your presentation. For more details go to Call for Abstracts.

Registration to International Tourism Congress ITC2022 is open till October 15, 2022, and for early birds – till September 15, 2022. Your registration form will be revised. Then, you will receive the payment request with all details your accounting department might need when sending a bank transfer.

We proudly announce that the Baltic University Programme decided to support the International Tourism Congress ITC2022. BUP offers 20 scholarships to cover costs of congress fee for researchers, PhD candidates and students who 1) are affiliated to BUP participating universities, 2) want to participate in ITC2022 onsite in Lodz, and 3) submitted an abstract of oral presentation or poster. Application for a scholarship is included in a registration form.

How to register? Just fill the form below!

Lesson from Portuguese local seminar – Peniche, May 13, 2022

We were impressed by the quality of work presented by our students during Portuguese local seminar. This multiplier event was held in Peniche on May 13, 2022. The aim of the local seminar was to present the results of the SPOT study tour to Portugal. The achievements of a students’ work during the intensive learning programme in Peniche were presented to the local community and now – after review and revision – are available on the SPOT project website.

We have learned from our students that the concept of sustainability should be changed. The focus on economic growth must be replaced by the idea of a great experience that every stakeholder should have in terms of development.

We understand that spatial planning is strictly connected to strategic planning. Everything what we plan is somehow embedded in a space and places. On the other hand, timeline for different strategic goals is requested. When planning, resources and tools of main stakeholders influencing solutions should be clearly defined. Consequences of renunciation should be identified as well when planning.

It must be emphasized that any plan won’t be successful without dialogue between stakeholders, at least local community and authorities. This makes participatory spatial planning extremely demanded. Destination Management Organization might become a perfect forum for that kind of dialogue. On the other hand, we have some limits of public participation. Spatial planning of archeological sites or ecological precious areas cannot be negotiated.

When proposing solutions and defining actionable policy recommendations, interests and needs of all stakeholders should be taken into consideration. As an example, most of our students’ groups identified problem of missing or inefficient public transportation system. When developing one it must target problems of both inhabitants and tourists. It is better to be sustainable by using existing potential of the place but not creating big investment projects.

When summarising Portuguese local seminar our students noticed that even small steps undertaken by local communities contribute to global change and allow to solve global threats.

Students’ reports aiming issues of sustainable tourism development in the area of Baleal Beach:

Keynote Speakers of International Tourism Congress ITC2022

Levent Altinay

is a Professor of Strategy and Entrepreneurship at Oxford Brookes Business School. Professor Altinay is also the Editor-in-Chief of the Service Industries Journal. A researcher of international renown, Altinay enjoys a vast network of international collaborative partnerships with organisations and policy makers in the UK, China, Taiwan, Thailand, Kazakhstan, Turkey and Cyprus.

Altinay was a member of the Business & Economics Panel in Research Assessment Exercise (RAE) 2014 and 2020 in Hong Kong. He was also a member of the Research Excellence Framework Panel Member, 2021 in the UK. He sits on the editorial boards of more than twelve journals including Journal of Business Research, Journal of Services Marketing, Tourism Management, and International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management. Altinay has a strong record of attracting blue chip external funding, including funding from the ESRC (Economic and Social Research Council), Newton, British Council and the British Academy. Altinay has co-authored strategic management, entrepreneurship and research methods textbooks.

Altinay’s research interests are in the areas of entrepreneurship, strategic alliances and international business. Using primarily qualitative methods as well as mixed methods, he is particularly interested in how entrepreneurs start up and develop their businesses and also how firms establish partnerships internationally. His work has been published in Journal of Business Research, International Small Business Journal, Journal of Small Business Management, Journal of Services Marketing, International Journal of Hospitality Management, Journal of Travel Research, Annals of Tourism Research and Tourism Management.

Katarzyna Czernek-Marszałek

is an associate professor, the head of the Department of Management Theory at the University of Economics in Katowice in Poland. She specializes in inter-organizational relationships, in particular cooperation and coopetition. Her research focuses on issues related to the tourism sector. An important element of her scientific interests is also the methodology of qualitative research and the use of Social Network Analysis in empirical research.

She is the author of about 90 scientific publications, including two her own monographs and several papers published in highly ranked journals indexed on the Academic Journal Guide (AJG) 2021 list (e.g. Tourism Management, Industrial Marketing Management, Journal of Travel Research, Annals of Tourism Research, Journal of Destination Marketing & Management, and Current Issues in Tourism). Winner of national and international awards for scientific work, including award of the Committee of the Regions of the European Union for a doctoral thesis defended in 2010, a scholarship of the Minister of Science and Higher Education for outstanding young scientists (2016 edition) and the Award of the Minister of Education and Science for significant achievements in scientific activity (2022 edition).

Since May 2021, she has been an associate editor in the journal Annals of Tourism Research. She is the head and member of Polish and international research teams, as well as a member of the European Academy of Management (EURAM), the Polish Economic Society and the research community CENA – Coopetition, Ecosystems, Networks and Alliances.

Tomasz Koralewski

is a CEO of the Łódź Tourism Organization. For 25 years he has been professionally involved in tourism. He started out as a tour guide cooperating with Polish tour operators. A short period of work with the Polish Chamber of Tourism in Łódź opened the possibility of participating in the creation and development of the Regional Tourism Organization of the Łódź Region (since 2003), in which he went through the career ladder from an apprentice to a deputy director of the office. He managed the group of responsible employees for all parts of the business – publications, tourist information, fairs & events, marketing campaigns, internet & public relations, trainings and member’s relations. He created and implemented a plan for the development of tourism in Łódź Region in cooperation with regional and local governments, associations and companies related to tourism. He also coordinated several large training projects for tourism industry co-financed from EU funds.

After leaving Regional Tourism Organization in 2015, he founded his own company operating in the field of events and tourism marketing. From the end of 2016, he coordinated the creation of the Łódź Tourism Organization as a local DMO. From April 2017, as the CEO, he coordinates its work up till now. In 5 years he built a strong local tourist organization associating 100 most important business and local government partners in the city, employing over 30 people and operating in all areas of the city’s tourism management. It also cooperates with other cities in Poland, ​​creating metropolitan strategies for the tourism development.

A graduate of history at the University of Lodz.

Pedro Machado

is since 2018 the President of the Regional Tourism Entity Centro de Portugal, public entity that has the promotion, valorisation and development of tourist potential mission in the Centro Region of Portugal, and the President of Regional Agency for External Tourism Promotion of Centro de Portugal.

The Centro de Portugal region is recognized with several quality awards, such as the “Gold Award, Best National Tourism Board / DMO Campaign” by the International Travel & Tourism Awards – World Travel Market, “Best Regional Tourism Entity” by AHRESP, and “Best National Tourism Region” by Publituris.

Pedro Machado holds a bachelor in Philosophy, a master degree in Educational Sciences, Specialization – Educational Psychology, and currently attends doctoral studies in Food Heritage: Cultures and Identities, by University of Coimbra. He is a member of advisory councils of several public and private institutions of higher education, as well as invited external personality of departments and of technical and scientific councils.

Partner Journals of International Tourism Congress ITC2022

The organizers of the International Tourism Congress ITC2022 cooperate with various scientific journals which welcome a discussion on sustainable tourism. We invite all ITC2022 participants to consider submitting full papers presenting achievements discussed during the congress to our partner journals.

SCImago Journal & Country Rank

Czasopismo Geograficzne | Geographical Journal

is a periodical issued since 1923. Its publisher is one of the oldest scientific societies in Poland – Polish Geographical Society. Since March 2021 the headquarters of the Editorial Office of Czasopismo Geograficzne has been the Faculty of Human Geography and Planning of Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań.

Czasopismo Geograficzne is a peer-reviewed, interdisciplinary scientific open-access journal, currently published biannually. It welcomes studies from the following disciplines: socio-economic geography and spatial management, and Earth and environmental sciences.

The Editorial Board accepts also scientific articles in the field of: architecture and urban planning, environmental engineering, mining and power engineering if they correspond to the thematic lines of the journal and take into account the spatial aspect. What is particularly desirable are original theoretical or conceptual articles as well as empirical and experimental studies. However, they need to be deeply rooted in the source literature. Narrow, contributory local studies, based on standard methodology which show basic data do not fit the current agenda of the periodical and will not be eligible for print, even if they are factually correct.

Articles in Czasopismo Geograficzne are published in the Polish or English language. The journal is published in a compact form, printed and virtual (on-line). The issues of Czasopismo Geograficzne are stored in 15 libraries in Poland, including the National Library. The published studies are filed and make available on the Czasopismo Geograficzne website under the licence CC.

Detailed information on the publication process is available on the journal’s website.

SCImago Journal & Country Rank

European Spatial Research and Policy (ESR&P)

is an international review concerned with the problems of social and economic space organisation at a local, regional and supranational level. The journal comprising both theoretical and empirical aspects of spatial analyses is aimed at academics, policy-makers and practitioners interested in a broad range of spatial development in contemporary Europe. The scope of the journal is defined by the concepts of space, environment, society and economy rather than by names of specific disciplines. Its main areas of interest include i.a. regional policy, spatial planning, European integration processes, locational studies, labour market developments, foreign investments, environmental problems, and other crucial issues influencing the shape of contemporary and future European space. Contributions prepared by geographers and regional scientists, as well as economists, planners, architects, sociologists and historians who undertake spatial research within their respective disciplines reflect the interdisciplinary character of the review.

European Spatial Research and Policy is published annually as one volume consisting of two issues and includes refereed articles, notes, commentaries, reports and book reviews. The journal, being itself a result of close academic links of scholars and universities representing different countries, is an important forum for international exchange of information and opinions in the field of spatial studies.

Detailed information on the publication process is available on the journal’s website.

European Journal of Tourism, Hospitality and Recreation

is an international, peer-reviewed journal publishing original research. The journal focuses on current issues in tourism, hospitality, food service, transportation and leisure, including best practices and case studies.

EJTHR’s strategy follows a multidisciplinary approach with emphasis on the following topics: tourism economics and management; tourism, hospitality and restaurants; e-Tourism; geography of tourism and tourism destinations; planning and management of tourist products and recreation; and tourism, culture, society and language.

The European Journal of Tourism, Hospitality and Recreation accepts original articles written in English. Detailed information on the publication process is available on the journal’s website.

Folia Turistica

is a free open access academic journal which has been published by the University of Physical Education in Krakow since 1990. Thus, it is one of the best-established journals in Poland that deal with research on tourism and its accompanying socioeconomic phenomena.

Folia Turistica publishes articles from the fields of humanities and social sciences, including cultural anthropology, philosophy, psychology and sociology, history, geography, as well as law and economics, management, and marketing. The Journal is also open to interdisciplinary papers, the theses of which address tourism by combining multiple fields and academic disciplines, enumerated above. Folia Turistica publishes first and foremost papers that report on the results of empirical research. However, it also presents especially valuable original review papers.

According to the latest Statement of the Minister of Education and Science from December 1, 2021 on the list of scientific journals and reviewed materials from international conferences, “Folia Turistica” journal has obtained 40 points as part of the parametric evaluation of scientific publications. “Folia Turistica” is indexed in the following databases: EBSCO, ERIH Plus, MIAR, Index Copernicus International, Google Scholar, International Center for Research and Study on Tourism (CIRET), CEON, ARIANTA, BazEkon, and “Baza Komputerowa SPORT”.

Detailed information on the publication process is available on the journal’s website.

Geography and Tourism (G&T)

is an multidysciplinary scientific journal aimed at presenting the results of theoretical and empirical research in geographic sciences and tourism. We have been on the list of scientific journals of the Ministry of Education and Science since 2019.

It offers a deep insight into the geographic environment and seeks to determine the relationships between its various components. It is meant to help define the roles of individual elements in view of balanced social and economic development. The issues touched upon in the journal are believed to be of great importance to contemporary tourism, which explores the natural and cultural potential of the environment, bearing in mind the current level of social and economic development. Our journal has been assigned to such scientific disciplines as: Earth and related environmental sciences; social and economic geography and spatial management; physical culture science.

Detailed information on the publication process is available on the journal’s website or on the Kazimierz Wielki University journal platform.

Journal of Tourism Intelligence and Smartness

is a double-blind peer review, independent and objective, unbiased, open access, (May-September-December) online scientific publication. The journal seeks articles related to the intelligence and smartness research about tourism. The journal does not charge any article fee during the submission, evaluation, and publication process.

There is not an open access publication fee for authors. The journal has been published regularly for 5 years on the “Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey” journal system. The journal is indexed in Index Copernicus International, EuroPub, Root Indexing, ResearchBib, Directory of Research Journals Indexing, Scientific Indexing Services, Bilgindex, Asos Index, Eurasian Scientific Journal Index, and Turkey Tourism Index.

The Journal Editorial Board acts in accordance with the principles and guidelines of COPE (Committee on Publication Ethics). The journal conforms to the Principles of Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly Publishing.

Detailed information on the publication process is available on the journal’s website.

SCImago Journal & Country Rank

Polish Journal of Sport and Tourism

is published quarterly since 2008 by Jozef Piłsudski University of Physical Education in Warsaw, Faculty of Physical Education and Health in Biała Podlaska. It publishes manuscripts in English encompassing various fields of medical and natural sciences linked with sport, physical education, sports medicine as well as tourism and physical recreation. It is characterized by high standard of contents and good publishing quality available in both forms, electronic and printed. Articles are subjected to fair and constructive peer review by experts in the field from Poland and abroad.

Journal is indexed in international abstracting databases and evaluated i.a. by Polish Ministry of Education and Science, Scopus and Scimago Journal & Country Rank. Articles are published in Open Access model on Sciendo platform.

Detailed information on the publication process is available on the journal’s website.

Studia Periegetica

is an interdisciplinary journal, in which articles are published following the highest standards of publication ethics, using the double-blind peer review process, with each submission reviewed by at least two reviewers (selected by the editor depending on the field of expertise) and published under an open-access license. “Studia Periegetica” publishes empirical and theoretical articles that make a relevant contribution to the development of theoretical knowledge and methodology in the field of tourism, recreation and sustainable development.

Benefits for authors: articles available in the Open Access formula, no fees for the publishing, free proofreading service, and fast publishing process. The journal is indexed in the following databases: ERIH Plus, EBSCO, Bilgindex, Crossref, Google Scholar, DOAJ, Index Copernicus, BazEkon, PBN, POL-Index.

Detailed information on the publication process is available on the journal’s website.

Turyzm | Tourism

is the oldest Polish scientific journal devoted to tourism. It has been published by the Institute of Urban Geography, Tourism Studies, and Geoinformation, University of Lodz since 1985. Over the past 35 years, it has come a long way: from a pioneering academic journal, where the results of the first tourism research were published still in a socialist Poland (the 1980s), through to one of the leading national journals documenting the transformations in tourism in the period of political and economic transformation (the 1990s, early 21st century), and since 2016 to a dynamic international title, aspiring to transfer the latest knowledge about tourism between Poland and the world. The journal is indexed in nearly 40 scientific databases, including Scopus (Cite Score 2021 – 0.5), DOAJ, ERIH+, CEJSH.

Turyzm | Tourism is one of the few publications in Poland intended for researchers representing a variety of disciplines and dealing with tourism issues, first of all for geographers, economists, sociologists and representatives of social sciences. The journal mostly presents the findings of the latest empirical studies on contemporary phenomena regarding a wide range of tourism, hospitality industry and recreation issues, including their local specificity and local context. The journal accepts only texts which have not been published anywhere before: theoretical, research, review papers and scientific notes, containing partial findings of original empirical research, as well as reviews, reports and contributions to debates.

Detailed information on the publication process is available on the journal’s website.

International Tourism Congress ITC2022: Call for Abstracts

ITC2022 call for abstracts is open till 15th 25th September 2022.

The only accepted way to submit the abstract is to use the online system dedicated for that purpose: https://czasopisma.uni.lodz.pl/itc/index. Do not send us abstracts by email!

Each abstract should be prepared in English according to the requirements described on the website of the online submission system: https://czasopisma.uni.lodz.pl/itc/author_info.

All submissions will be reviewed by the members of the Scientific Board.

The main theme of ITC2022 is: “Tourism – Going Back/Forward to Sustainability”. We will discuss geographical, social, environmental, economic, political, and managerial contexts of sustainable tourism. Feel invited to participate in the discussion, feel invited to ITC2022!

When submitting an abstract of your presentation, consider one of the already accepted sessions. Our intention is to make our discussion structured and understandable to a wider audience.

The general discussion on the sustainability of tourism is expected during ITC2022. We must address the challenges of tourism resulting from contemporary environmental issues, mainly climate change and the loss of geo- and biodiversity. We expect presentations referring to both, current and future climate conditions. On the other hand, focusing on local communities is also a must. We expect a discussion on the participation of the local communities in the tourism and hospitality industry not only to aim for the local economy, but to contribute to a society holistically. From this perspective, development of tourism in rural areas is crucial. We suggest exploring and comparing how tourism in rural areas might contribute to an impact on the sustainable development of rural spaces, including remote, sparsely populated, and less-favoured areas.

Due to the location hosting the ITC2022, our particular interests are in the Baltic Sea Region. We invite discussion on recent challenges of sustainable tourism in the Baltic Sea Region, aiming for an evolutionary approach with particular focus on environmental, economic, social, and political issues of tourism development.

Recovery of tourism from any crisis, including the COVID-19 pandemic, must address sustainability. We propose the discussion on scenarios of economic and financial recovery of tourism businesses. This is to face the recent loss of liquidity of tourism enterprises and to target sustainability as a response to future crises. From that perspective, a substantial need to stimulate and design new policies reshaping the air transportation industry is expected. We propose the discussion on changes made to aviation policy and impacts on the evolution of tourism, either adversely or beneficially.

We would like to focus on the development and research of promising types of tourism in terms of sustainable development. Feel invited to present your scientific achievements related to literary tourism and film-induced tourism products and experiences that promote sustainable development of destinations. Moreover, we would like to discuss how the practice of sport activities in nature can constitute a means of fulfilling the desire to travel and recreation associated with memorable and authentic experiences, but also the need to protect nature. We believe that sustainable tourism must be adapted to the needs of all people with disabilities or not. Thus, we propose the discussion on accessible tourism.

We understand that niche tourism has the potential to contribute to sustainable development. We see that tourism resources produce niche tourism products developed in a sustainable approach to benefit local communities. From ecotourism, to nature-based tourism, to community-based tourism to olive oil tourism, to vine-tourism to astro-tourism there are many examples on how niche markets can put sustainability in practice. We also see room for the discussion on a new approach to cultural tourism that promotes the development of disadvantaged areas. We would like to exchange experience on the role of cultural tourism in creating place-based identities and how these link to broader processes of regional, national, and multinational cultures.

Young generations are considered an important stakeholder in sustainable development. Discussion on youth tourism is mandatory, as youth has the power to change the world. But it is important to involve young people in discussions and actions related to the future of tourism. We invite contributions and different perspectives that focus on the trends and challenges of human and social capital needed for sustainable development of the tourism sector. We also expect a broad discussion on tourism education at all levels. All types of jobs in the tourism industry require qualifications and training that can equip current and future employees with adaptable, agile, and resilient skills requested in a world of uncertainty.

Finally, ITC2022 targets the idea of excellence in tourism research. Thus, we propose discussion on ontological, epistemological, and methodological foundations of tourism research. The discussion of methods should consider the rapid development of information and communication technologies, mobile technologies, and geographic information systems. We see that both internetization and technological development result in unprecedented possibilities for conducting more precise and comprehensive research on tourist phenomena.

Scientific Board of ITC2022. International Tourism Congress

See the list of researchers who accepted our invitation to join the Scientific Board of ITC2022 International Tourism Congress. The main responsibility of members of the ITC2022 Scientific Board is to review abstracts submitted to the Congress. All members’ activities are coordinated by Tomasz NAPIERAŁA (University of Lodz), Secretary General of the ITC2022 Scientific Board.

Surname: A, B, C, D, E, F, G, J, K, L, M, N, O, P, Q, R, S, T, U, V, W, Z


  • Nuno ABRANJA (Instituto Superior de Lisboa e Vale do Tejo), Portugal
  • Maciej ADAMIAK (ReasonField Lab), Poland
  • Czesław ADAMIAK (Nicolaus Copernicus University in Torun), Poland
  • Paulo ALMEIDA (Polytechnic of Leiria), Portugal
  • Nuno ALMEIDA (Polytechnic of Leiria), Portugal
  • António ALMEIDA (University of Madeira), Portugal
  • Levent ALTINAY (Oxford Brookes University), United Kingdom
  • Vitor AMBRÓSIO (Estoril Higher Institute for Tourism and Hotel Studies), Portugal
  • Mário Passos ASCENÇÃO (Haaga-Helia University of Applied Sciences), Finland
  • Vanessa ASSUMMA (Politecnico di Torino, Interuniversity Department of Regional and Urban Studies and Planning), Italy


  • Mehmet BAHAR (Cappadocia University), Turkey
  • Rita BALEIRO (University of Algarve), Portugal
  • Bruno BARBOSA SOUSA (Polytechnic Institute of Cávado and Ave; CiTUR Centre for Tourism Research, Development and Innovation), Portugal
  • Agata BASIŃSKA-ZYCH (WSB University in Poznan), Poland
  • Jarema BATORSKI (Jagiellonian University), Poland
  • Marlena A. BEDNARSKA (Poznan University of Economics and Business), Poland
  • Mirosław BEŁEJ (University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn), Poland
  • Jadwiga BERBEKA (Cracow University of Economics), Poland
  • Krzysztof BĘDKOWSKI (University of Lodz), Poland
  • Mirosław BICZKOWSKI (Nicolaus Copernicus University in Torun), Poland
  • Mikołaj BIELAŃSKI (University of Physical Education in Krakow), Poland
  • Elżbieta BILSKA-WODECKA (Jagiellonian University), Poland
  • Sevda BIRDIR (Mersin University), Turkey
  • Kemal BIRDIR (Mersin University), Turkey
  • Krzysztof BŁAŻEJCZYK (Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization, Polish Academy of Sciences), Poland
  • Sara BONINI BARALDI (University of Turin, Interuniversity Department of Regional and Urban Studies and Planning), Italy
  • Bartosz BOŃCZAK (New York University, Marron Institute of Urban Management), United States
  • Krzysztof Paweł BORKOWSKI (The University College of Tourism and Ecology), Poland
  • Krzysztof BORODAKO (Cracow University of Economics), Poland
  • Jacek BORZYSZKOWSKI (WSB University in Gdansk), Poland
  • Patryk BRAMBERT (Jan Kochanowski University of Kielce), Poland
  • Leszek BUTOWSKI (University of Lodz), Poland


  • Maria De Lurdes CALISTO (CiTUR Centre for Tourism Research, Development and Innovation), Portugal
  • Luís CARVALHINHO (CiTUR Centre for Tourism Research, Development and Innovation), Portugal
  • Eddy Antonio CASTILLO MONTESDEOCA (University of the Armed Forces ESPE), Ecuador
  • Krzysztof CELUCH (Nicolaus Copernicus University in Torun), Poland
  • Mariusz CEMBRUCH-NOWAKOWSKI (Pedagogical University of Krakow), Poland
  • Burçin Cevdet ÇETINSÖZ (Alanya Alaaddin Keykubat University ), Turkey
  • Yash CHAWLA (Wroclaw University of Science and Technology), Poland
  • Dagmara CHYLIŃSKA (University of Wroclaw), Poland
  • Maria Teresa COSTA (CiTUR Centre for Tourism Research, Development and Innovation; Polytechnic Institute of Setubal), Portugal
  • Cláudia S. COSTA (Polytechnic Institute of Braganca), Portugal
  • Vânia COSTA (Polytechnic Institute of Cávado and Ave; CiTUR Centre for Tourism Research, Development and Innovation), Portugal
  • Adriano COSTA (Polytechnic Institute of Guarda), Portugal
  • Giancarlo COTELLA (Politecnico di Torino, Interuniversity Department of Regional and Urban Studies and Planning), Italy
  • Waldemar CUDNY (University of Lodz), Poland
  • Konrad CZAPIEWSKI (Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization, Polish Academy of Sciences), Poland
  • Katarzyna CZERNEK-MARSZAŁEK (University of Economics in Katowice), Poland


  • Marta DEREK (University of Warsaw), Poland
  • Eugénia DEVILE (Polytechnic Institute of Coimbra), Portugal
  • Francisco DIAS (Polytechnic of Leiria), Portugal
  • Anna DŁUŻEWSKA (Maria Curie-Sklodowska University), Poland
  • Iwona DOMINEK (University of Physical Education in Krakow), Poland
  • Daniela DUMBRAVEANU (University of Bucharest), Romania
  • Ewa DZIEDZIC (SGH Warsaw School of Economics), Poland


  • Anabela ELIAS-ALMEIDA (Polytechnic of Leiria; CiTUR Centre for Tourism Research, Development and Innovation), Portugal
  • Elsa ESTEVES (Polytechnic Institute of Braganca), Portugal


  • Robert FARACIK (Pedagogical University of Krakow), Poland
  • Wojciech FEDYK (Wroclaw University of Health and Sport Sciences), Poland
  • Gonçalo FERNANDES (Polytechnic Institute of Guarda; CiTUR Centre for Tourism Research, Development and Innovation), Portugal
  • Maria João FERREIRA CUSTÓDIO (University of Algarve), Portugal
  • Júlia FRAGOSO DA FONSECA (CiTUR Centre for Tourism Research, Development and Innovation; Polytechnic of Leiria), Portugal
  • Mara FRANCO (University of Madeira; CiTUR Centre for Tourism Research, Development and Innovation), Portugal


  • Agnieszka GAWLIK (WSB University in Wroclaw), Poland
  • Zivile GEDMINAITE-RAUDONE (Lithuanian Centre for Social Sciences), Lithuania
  • Beata GIERCZAK-KORZENIOWSKA (University of Rzeszow), Poland
  • Grzegorz GODLEWSKI (Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznan), Poland
  • Conceição GOMES (Polytechnic of Leiria), Portugal
  • Susana Filipa GONÇALVES (Estoril Higher Institute for Tourism and Hotel Studies), Portugal
  • Sylwia GRAJA-ZWOLIŃSKA (Poznan University of Life Sciences), Poland
  • Aleksandra GROBELNA (Gdynia Maritime University), Poland
  • Werner GRONAU (University of Applied Sciences Stralsund), Germany
  • Piotr GRYSZEL (Wroclaw University of Economics and Business), Poland
  • Maria Manuela GUERRA (Estoril Higher Institute for Tourism and Hotel Studies), Portugal


  • Krzysztof JANC (University of Wroclaw), Poland
  • Grzegorz JANKOWSKI (Katowice Business University), Poland
  • Marcin JASKULSKI (University of Lodz), Poland
  • Iwona JAŻDŻEWSKA (University of Lodz), Poland
  • Maciej JĘDRUSIK (University of Warsaw), Poland
  • Miłosz JODŁOWSKI (University of Physical Education in Krakow), Poland
  • João Paulo JORGE (Polytechnic of Leiria), Portugal
  • Iwona JÓZEFOWICZ (Kazimierz Wielki University), Poland


  • Sylwia KACZMAREK (University of Lodz), Poland
  • Jacek KACZMAREK (University of Lodz), Poland
  • Iwona KINIORSKA (Jan Kochanowski University of Kielce), Poland
  • Halina KIRYLUK (Bialystok University of Technology), Poland
  • Joanna KIZIELEWICZ (Gdynia Maritime University), Poland
  • Piotr KOCISZEWSKI (University of Warsaw), Poland
  • Sebastian KOPERA (Jagiellonian University), Poland
  • Karolina KORBIEL (University of Physical Education in Krakow), Poland
  • Antoni KOROWICKI (University of Gdansk), Poland
  • Kinga KOSTRAKIEWICZ-GIERAŁT (University of Physical Education in Krakow), Poland
  • Szczepan KOŚCIÓŁEK (Jagiellonian University), Poland
  • Andrzej KOWALCZYK (University of Warsaw), Poland
  • Joanna KOWALCZYK-ANIOŁ (University of Lodz), Poland
  • Małgorzata KRYCZKA (University of Physical Education in Krakow), Poland
  • Zygmunt KRUCZEK (University of Physical Education in Krakow), Poland
  • Magdalena KUBAL-CZERWIŃSKA (Jagiellonian University), Poland
  • Magdalena KUGIEJKO (Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznan), Poland
  • Grzegorz KWIATKOWSKI (Koszalin University of Technology), Poland


  • Rita LANKAUSKIENĖ (Lithuanian Centre for Social Sciences), Lithuania
  • Natalia LATUSZEK (Poznan University of Economics and Business), Poland
  • Łukasz LECHOWSKI (University of Lodz), Poland
  • Katarzyna LEŚNIEWSKA-NAPIERAŁA (University of Lodz), Poland
  • Tolga LEVENT (Mersin University), Turkey
  • Dália Filipa LIBERATO (Polytechnic Institute of Porto), Portugal
  • Pedro LIBERATO (Polytechnic Institute of Porto), Portugal
  • Luís LIMA SANTOS (CiTUR Centre for Tourism Research, Development and Innovation; Polytechnic of Leiria), Portugal
  • Luisa LOPES (Polytechnic Institute of Braganca), Portugal
  • Adrian LUBOWIECKI-VIKUK (SGH Warsaw School of Economics), Poland


  • Piotr MAJDAK (Jozef Pilsudski University of Physical Education in Warsaw), Poland
  • Justyna MAJEWSKA (Poznan University of Economics and Business), Poland
  • Marzena MAKOWSKA-ISKIERKA (University of Lodz), Poland
  • Ewa MALCHROWICZ-MOŚKO (Poznan University of Physical Education), Poland
  • Cátia MALHEIROS (Polytechnic of Leiria; CiTUR Centre for Tourism Research, Development and Innovation), Portugal
  • Szymon MARCINCZAK (University of Lodz), Poland
  • António José MARQUES DA SILVA (University of Madeira), Portugal
  • Eva MARTIN-FUENTES (University of Lleida), Spain
  • Paula MARTINS (University of Algarve), Portugal
  • Catarina Antónia MARTINS (Polytechnic Institute of Braganca), Portugal
  • José Alexandre MARTINS (Polytechnic Institute of Guarda), Portugal
  • Márcio MARTINS (Polytechnic Institute of Braganca), Portugal
  • Andrzej MATCZAK (University of Lodz), Poland
  • Marcin MAZUR (Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization, Polish Academy of Sciences), Poland
  • Ricardo MELO (Polytechnic Institute of Coimbra), Portugal
  • Alexandra Sofia MENDES (Polytechnic of Leiria), Portugal
  • Beata MEYER (University of Szczecin), Poland
  • Izabela MICHALSKA-DUDEK (Wroclaw University of Economics and Business), Poland
  • Iwona MIEDZIŃSKA (University of Zielona Gora), Poland
  • Maria Do Rosário MIRA (Polytechnic Institute of Coimbra; CiTUR Centre for Tourism Research, Development and Innovation), Portugal
  • Justyna MOKRAS-GRABOWSKA (University of Lodz), Poland
  • Andreia MOURA (Polytechnic Institute of Coimbra; CiTUR Centre for Tourism Research, Development and Innovation), Portugal
  • Franciszek MRÓZ (Pedagogical University of Krakow), Poland
  • Agnieszka MUSZYŃSKA (Jozef Pilsudski University of Physical Education in Warsaw), Poland
  • Urszula MYGA-PIĄTEK (Polish Geographical Society; University of Silesia), Poland


  • Marta NALEJ (University of Lodz), Poland
  • Puiu NISTOREANU (The Bucharest University of Economic Studies), Romania
  • Markéta NOVOTNÁ (Masaryk University), Czech Republic
  • Marek NOWACKI (WSB University in Poznan), Poland
  • Klaudia NOWICKA (University of Gdansk), Poland


  • Piotr OLEŚNIEWICZ (Wroclaw University of Health and Sport Sciences), Poland
  • Fernanda OLIVEIRA (Polytechnic of Leiria), Portugal
  • Marcin OLSZEWSKI (Poznan University of Economics and Business), Poland
  • Katarzyna ORFIN-TOMASZEWSKA (Stanislaw Staszic State University of Applied Sciences in Pila), Poland
  • Anna OSTROWSKA-TRYZNO (Jozef Pilsudski University of Physical Education in Warsaw), Poland
  • Anette OXENSWÄRDH (Uppsala University), Sweden


  • Teresa PALRÃO (Universidade Lusófona), Portugal
  • Aleksander PANASIUK (Jagiellonian University), Poland
  • Adam PAWLICZ (University of Szczecin), Poland
  • Robert PAWLUSIŃSKI (Jagiellonian University), Poland
  • Filipa PERDIGÃO (University of Algarve), Portugal
  • Elsa PEREIRA (University of Algarve), Portugal
  • Rita PERES (Estoril Higher Institute for Tourism and Hotel Studies), Portugal
  • Antonio Emmanuel PÉREZ BRITO (Autonomous University of Yucatan), Mexico
  • Fernando PERNA (University of Algarve), Portugal
  • Iwona PIELESIAK (University of Lodz), Poland
  • Edyta PIJET-MIGOŃ (WSB University in Wroclaw), Poland
  • Krzysztof PIOTROWSKI (Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznan), Poland
  • Ivan PIROZHNIK (Pomeranian University in Slupsk), Poland
  • Przemysław PŁOSKONKA (Jozef Pilsudski University of Physical Education in Warsaw), Poland
  • Ilona POTOCKA (Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznan), Poland
  • João PRUDENTE (University of Madeira), Portugal
  • Katarzyna PUKOWIEC-KURDA (University of Silesia), Poland


  • Łukasz QUIRINI-POPŁAWSKI (Pedagogical University of Krakow), Poland


  • Tomasz RACHWAŁ (Pedagogical University of Krakow), Poland
  • George RAMOS (Polytechnic Institute of Castelo Branco), Portugal
  • Dulcineia RAMOS (Polytechnic of Leiria), Portugal
  • George RAMOS (Polytechnic Institute of Castelo Branco), Portugal
  • José Miguel RODRÍGUEZ ANTÓN (Autonomous University of Madrid), Spain
  • Paulo Filipe ROSA (Polytechnic Institute of Santarem), Portugal
  • Mateusz ROZMIAREK (Poznan University of Physical Education), Poland
  • Paweł RÓŻYCKI (University of Physical Education in Krakow), Poland
  • Michał RZESZEWSKI (Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznan), Poland


  • Iwona SAKOWICZ-TEBINKA (University of Gdansk), Poland
  • Manuel SÁNCHEZ-PÉREZ (University of Almeria), Spain
  • Renata SEWERYN (Cracow University of Economics), Poland
  • Anukrati SHARMA (University of Kota ), India
  • Marta SIDORKIEWICZ (University of Szczecin), Poland
  • Mário SILVA (Estoril Higher Institute for Tourism and Hotel Studies), Portugal
  • Matylda SIWEK (Pedagogical University of Krakow), Poland
  • Ewa SKOWRONEK (Maria Curie-Sklodowska University), Poland
  • Ismael P. SOLER (University of Malaga), Spain
  • Ana Elisa SOUSA (Polytechnic of Leiria), Portugal
  • Andrzej STASIAK (University of Lodz), Poland
  • Dominika STUDZIŃSKA (University of Gdansk), Poland
  • Bartosz SZCZECHOWICZ (University of Physical Education in Krakow), Poland
  • Barbara SZYDA (Nicolaus Copernicus University in Torun), Poland


  • Susana TELES (University of Madeira), Portugal
  • Even TJØRVE (Inland Norway University of Applied Sciences), Norway
  • Yunus TOPSAKAL (Alanya Hamdullah Emin Pasa University), Turkey
  • Kate TORKINGTON (University of Algarve), Portugal
  • Andrzej TUCKI (Maria Curie-Sklodowska University), Poland


  • Ebru ULUCAN (Istanbul Commerce University), Turkey


  • Marco VALERI (Niccolo Cusano University), Italy
  • Alfonso VARGAS-SÁNCHEZ (University of Huelva), Spain
  • Ana Sofia VIANA (Polytechnic of Leiria), Portugal


  • Daniela WAGNER (Vienna University of Applied Sciences for Management and Communication ), Austria
  • Marzena WANAGOS (Gdynia Maritime University), Poland
  • Marek WIĘCKOWSKI (Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization, Polish Academy of Sciences), Poland
  • Tomasz WITES (University of Warsaw), Poland
  • Bogdan WŁODARCZYK (University of Lodz), Poland
  • Jolanta WOJCIECHOWSKA (University of Lodz), Poland
  • Ewa WSZENDYBYŁ-SKULSKA (Jagiellonian University), Poland


  • Bernadetta ZAWILIŃSKA (Cracow University of Economics), Poland
  • Małgorzata ZDON-KORZENIOWSKA (Pedagogical University of Krakow), Poland
  • Aleksandra ZIENKIEWICZ (Pomeranian University in Slupsk), Poland
  • Piotr ZMYŚLONY (Poznan University of Economics and Business), Poland
  • Michał ŻEMŁA (Pedagogical University of Krakow), Poland
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